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Mar 12, 2022
Football Ground Measurements - All You Need to Know
Information about football ground measurements including pitch sizes, markings and goals. Includes a table of comparisons between the major leagues in Europe as well as an infographic showing pitch sizes around the world.
Football fields are an essential part of the game. A pitch may be the difference between winning and losing or happiness and frustration. Still, it can also mean the difference between playing and not playing, depending on where you are in the footballing hierarchy.
Because not all football fields are the same size, the size of a pitch varies greatly depending on the type of football you play. That is why, regardless of your function at a club – whether you are a player, coach, groundsman, or club chairman – knowing the football playground size is critical. In this article, our experts will take you through the length and breadth of all the necessary information regarding football ground measurement - football ground size in meters, 11 side football ground size, junior football ground measurement, football goal post size, football turf size, and much more. Scroll along with us till the end of this article.
Football, sometimes known as 'Soccer,' is one of the oldest and most popular team sports the world has ever created. Because it is one of the most fascinating games, it has many devoted admirers all over the world. Aside from the pitch, which plays a significant role in football, every game has its own set of regulations and strategies. It is played on grass turf or a green-coloured synthetic surface that must be rectangular in shape and have precise dimensions.
The game is played with a spherical ball, and the purpose is to place or kick the ball into the netted sections of the other team without using hands or arms, resulting in a goal. The victor of a match is determined by the side that scores the most goals. The game lasts 90 minutes, with two 45-minute halves, and if a result is not achieved, the game will either be ruled a draw or additional minutes and penalty shootouts will be used, depending on the structure of the game.
The football playground size varies greatly depending on the format. Even though 5-a-side pitches have curved penalty areas and 11-a-side pitches have an 18-yard box, football field markings and dimensions can vary significantly within those formats. Here are the FA suggested pitch measurements for 5-a-side, 7-a-side, and 11-a-side football, whether you're creating your own or searching for one to play on.
FA recommended football playground sizes:
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5-A-Side Football Ground Measurement
According to The FA's recommendations, a 5-a-side football pitch should be 40 yards long (36.5 m) and 30 yards wide (27.5 m). These specifications guarantee that it retains its rectangular shape, with a reasonable rule of thumb being that the length should exceed the breadth by a factor of 2:1.
Curved penalty areas are one of the most noticeable elements of a 5-a-side football surface. These aren't the same as the standard 18-yard boxes used on 11-a-side fields. Regardless of the total pitch dimensions, these penalty areas must be 6.5 yards (6 m) from the center of the goal lines. The recommended goal size for 5-a-side contests is 3 yards (3.66 m) wide by 1.33 yards high (1.22 m).
Because the two marks have no direct influence on 5 vs 5 games, they can be played with or without a center circle or midway line. If a penalty spot is used, it must have a radius of 1 yard (1 m), while the goalkeeper's area should be measured from the goal's center, producing a semi-circle with an 8.2-yard radius (7.5 m). All markers should have a line width of roughly 5 cm (1.97").
Mini footballs of size 1 are suitable for all ages and are mostly used for recreational purposes. As a result, they may be used on any of the pitches in this handbook. Size 2 mini footballs are suitable for youngsters aged 3-6 years old to play in small-sided games such as 4 vs 4 or 5 vs 5.
7-A-Side Football Ground Measurement
According to FA guidelines, a 7-a-side football pitch should be 60 yards (54.86 m) long by 40 yards (36.5 m) broad. Pitches with 7 players on each team feature rectangular penalty areas that are 18 yards (16.5 m) wide and 10 yards (9 m) from the goal line, unlike 5-a-side games.
At this level, penalty arcs, or "D's" as they're more often known, are also an optional marker. The arcs are placed near the border of the penalty area, with the curve pointing away from the goal if they are used.
A centre circle, like in 5-a-side, is optional. On the other hand, the penalty spot is an important part of the game and should be precisely 8 yards (7.3 m) from the goal line. Size 3 footballs are designed for children aged 6 to 9, which is the most typical age group for newcomers to the sport. These youngsters generally participate in 7-a-side football matches to increase their exposure to the game's intensity and physical demands.
9-A-Side Football Ground Measurement
A 9-a-side football field measures 80 yards (73.1 metres) long by 50 yards (45.72 metres) broad. The FA recommends these measures, which U-11 and U-12 teams use.
The centre circle must have a radius of 7 yards (6.4 m) for this pitch size, with the centre mark in the middle of the field. The penalty spot should be 9 yards (8.2 m) from the goal line on both sides of the field. The penalty area arcs should be 7 yards in diameter and extend from the penalty spot (6.4 m). The penalty area should be 13 yards (11.88 m) long and 32 yards (29.26 m) broad, measured from the centre of the goal post. The goal area must be 4 yards (3.65 m) long and 14 yards (12.80 m) broad, measured from the centre of the goal post. The radius of a corner arc should be one yard (1 m).
The goalposts will stand at the height of 7 feet and a distance of 16 feet. The width of the posts and crossbar should not exceed 12 cm (5"). The maximum line width for all marks is 12 cm (5"). The goal line is indicated with goalposts that are the same width as the goal line.
Size 4 footballs are mostly used by children aged 9 to 14, who play at a 9-a-side level of football. This is an ideal pitch size as well as a football size for these children who are nearing the adult game.
11-A-Side Football Ground Measurement
The 11-a-side football ground size isn't easy to determine. The dimensions of a football pitch can vary significantly – more so than any other sort of football pitch – based on a variety of circumstances.
The dimensions must be between 100-130 yards (90-120 m) length and 50-100 yards (45-90 m) broad. This allows players to select a precise size that best matches their needs, which is increasingly frequent in the professional stages of the game.
The FA recommends the following 11-a-side football ground sizefor different age group:
U-13 & U-14 – 90 yards (82.2 m) x 55 yards (50.2 m)
U-15 & U-16 – 100 yards (91.4 m) x 60 yards (54.8 m)
18+ – 110 yards (100.5 m) x 70 yards (64 m)
Regardless of the total pitch size, the penalty area should be 18 yards (16.45 m) from the centre of the goal line, and the penalty spot should be 12 yards (10.9 m) from the goal. The centre circle, penalty arcs, and corner arcs must all have the same size as a 9-a-side field. At this level, goal posts must be 8 feet tall (2.44 m) and 8 yards wide (7.32 m).
Junior Football Ground Measurement
Because the Football Association (FA) has specified certain field, goal, and ball sizes for age-group games, organizing matches for children's and young football teams now requires appropriate infrastructure. The article's ideas were developed after significant study and conversations with both young coaches and children.
Under 7s And Under 8s (Mini Soccer)
According to the FA, children of this age should now play 5 v 5 matches using a size 3 ball and 12 x 6-foot goal posts. The pitch should be 40 by 30 yards, with 16 x 9-yard penalty areas.
FA Respect Designated Spectators' Areas are also recommended for every age-group game to avoid too exuberant parents from standing on the sidelines and yelling at the youngsters and referees. The area should be well-demarcated, at least 3 yards off the pitch, and only run along one touchline if feasible.
Under 9s And Under 10s (Mini Soccer)
Matches at this level should be 7-a-side, using small soccer goals measuring 12 x 6 ft, on a 60 x 40-yard pitch with an 18 x 10-yard penalty area. Under 9s should use a size 3 ball, while Under 10s should use a size 4.
Under 11s And Under 12s
At this age, all games are played as 9 versus 9 on pitches of 80 x 50 yards, with penalty areas measuring 32 x 13 yards. Goalposts must be 7 x 16 feet in dimension, and size 4 balls must be utilised.
Under 13s And Under 14s
Youngsters can begin playing 11-a-side matches at this age, much like their heroes, although the fields and goals are still not full sizes. The goalposts should be 21 x 7 feet, and the surface should be 90 x 55 yards with 35 x 14-yard penalty areas. Even so, a size 4 ball should be utilised.
Under 15s And Under 16s
The preferred pitch size is 100 x 60 yards at this level, but everything else is as it would be in a senior game. The penalty area will be 44 x 18 yards, with the penalty spot 12 yards away, and a size 5 ball and 24 x 8 ft goals will be utilised.
Under 17s And Above
At this age, youth teams should play on a full-sized pitch of 110 x 70 yards, with conventional goal posts and a size 5 ball, much like senior teams.
Other Important Football Ground Measurements
Football Goal Post Size
In football ground measurements, goalposts are situated in the middle of each goal line. It is made up of two equidistant posts that are connected by a horizontal crossbar with a net attached to the backside. The distance between two equidistant posts should be 7.32 meters, and the distance from the horizontal crossbar's bottom border to the ground should be 8 feet (2.44 meters). The crossbars and goal posts must be white in colour and constructed of metal or another acceptable material. A straight goal line is drawn between the two posts, and a goal is scored when the ball crosses it.
Penalty Area Size & Measurement
The penalty area, also known as the goalie's area, is the box where a goalkeeper can use his hands to hold the ball. Fouls committed within the penalty area are penalised by giving the other team a penalty kick. In football, the penalty box is the most crucial region where players must carefully carry their game. The penalty area consists of the goal area/box, the penalty mark from which penalty kicks are taken, and a D-shaped arc on the top of the penalty box known as the penalty arc. When it comes to the dimensions of the penalty area, it is 44 yards wide by 18 yards long, with an 8-yard goal post. A penalty mark is placed outside the penalty area at a distance of 12 yards from the goal line's midpoint, and an arc of a circle with a radius of 10 yards is drawn from the centre of each penalty mark.
Goal Box Size & Measurement
The goal box is an additional box constructed within the penalty area. Inside the penalty area, there is a 12-yard long and 20-yard broad box. Each football goal is custom-made to fit the demands of different age groups and team sizes.
The Football Association's (FA) guidelines for football goal post size for each age group or squad size are as follows:
– 11 A-Side: The 11-a-side game requires a football goal with dimensions of 24 ft x 8 ft for participants aged 14 and up (7.32 m x 2.44 m). All leagues and tournaments across the globe utilise this football goal post size. The football goal dimensions are lowered to 21 ft x 7 ft for players in the under-13 and 14 age groups (6.4 m x 2.13 m).
– 9-A Side Games: A football goal with dimensions of 16 ft x 7 ft is recommended for the 9-a-side game for children aged 11 and 12. FA recommended this, which was included in the guidelines in 2013. This was done to serve as a transition between the 7-a-side and 11-a-side games. This is done to progress from one football game to the next.
– 7-A Side Games: A 12 ft x 6 ft (3.66 m x 1.83 m) football goal post is recommended for both the 7-a side and 5-a side games for age groups under and 10 and under 8 and 7. This football goal post is usually referred to as a 'Mini Soccer' goal post.
– 5-A Side Games: Regularly, the term "5-a side posts" refers to goal posts that are 12 ft x 4 ft (3.66 m x 1.22 m) or 16 ft x 4 ft (3.66 m x 1.22 m) in size (4.88 m x 1.22 m). This footballgoal post size is suited for indoor 5-a side games and artificial smaller football turf sizes.
Corner Flags in Football Ground Measurement
Corner flags, also known as flag poles, are placed at each corner of the rectangular field and must be at least 1.5 metres tall. A radius of a one-metre arc is constructed at each flag, facing the field where the corner kick is taken. A corner kick is taken if the ball crosses the goal line without being touched by an opponent.
Interchange Area in Football Ground Measurement
The interchange area is a space where players can shift positions. The interchange zone begins one metre on either side of the midway line and continues one metre beyond the field of play.
Centre Mark in Football Ground Measurement
In football ground dimensions, a "centre mark" is a position in the centre of the centre circle where the ball is placed during kickoff, as the name implies. Every half begins with a play from the centre mark.
Technical Area in Football Ground Measurement
The technical area contains both teams' dugouts, with a box built in front of each dugout outside of the rectangular field. Only one person, the manager, or the coach, is authorised to advise the players within the box.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are international soccer goal dimensions?
FIFA specifies a goal dimension of 7.32m x 2.44m x 1.5m for 11-a-side ball international matches (width x height x depth). The goalposts and crossbars should not be wider than 12 cm.
The football goal net must be firmly fastened to the ground and "hooked" to the goalposts, crossbar edge, and goalposts. The net tension must be suitable to avoid obstructing the goalkeeper's ability to capture the ball. However, the pressure must be mild to keep the ball from rebounding back onto the court. Suitable materials like cloth, jute, or nylon are commonly used to make goalkeeper netting. The 11-man football goal's goal post and crossbar are likewise white.
2. Should we use natural grass or artificial turf for the playing surface?
Natural or artificial grass is the most common form of grass used. Natural grass is frequently used at international stadiums. Artificial grass will be used in several other amateur training venues to save money.
3. Are FIFA rules the same as the FA rules for football field measurements?
FIFA has its own pitch measurements, which are somewhat different from those recommended by the FA. A 4-a-side pitch, for example, is defined as having a minimum length of 13 yards (12 m) by 21 yards wide (19.2 m) and a maximum length of 16 yards (14.63 m) by 27 yards (24.6 m).
The minimal criteria for 5-a-side football are 20 metres (21.87 yards) long and 30 metres (32.80 yards) broad. The maximum dimensions are 25 metres (27.34 yards) long and 35 metres (38.27 yards) broad.
The minimum pitch length for 7 against 7 is 30 metres (32.80 yards) by 45 metres (49.21 yards). At this level, a pitch can be 35m (38.27 yards) long and 50m (54.68 yards) broad. A pitch suited for 9 vs 9 must be 45 metres long (49.21 yards) and 60 metres wide (65.61 yards). A 9-a-side game's maximum pitch size is 50m (54.68 yards) long and 67m (73.27 yards) broad.
The FIFA and FA measurements for an 11-a-side pitch are identical, and those figures are used across the world's professional football leagues. The dimensions must be between 100 and 130 yards (90 and 120 metres) long and 50 and 100 yards (45 and 90 metres) broad.
From the age of 14 and onwards, size 5 footballs are the standard-sized match footballs used across the game at both amateur and professional levels.
The Bottom Line
The information provided above is the most important information concerning soccer field size that readers should be aware of. Depending on the place and the conditions, the size may vary. On the other hand, people continue to strive for such high standards.
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