One of the most important aspects of yoga is Pranayama. This is a breathing method that benefits both mental and physical health. From Sanskrit, it roughly translates to "management of life energy." It is, in essence, a collection of breathing exercises and rhythms. People regulate their intake and exhale while following a certain breathing sequence and holding their breath throughout this method. Many people practice Pranayama as part of their yoga practice and as a stand-alone activity. In this article, our experts will provide you with the details about the various aspects of Pranayama, its benefits and disadvantages, Pranayama steps, and much more. So, scroll through along with us.


Pranayama yoga is a breathing science or "breath control." For those who don't know what Pranayama is or how it works. In a nutshell, it's a breathing exercise that focuses on several sorts of breath control. It is also known as yoga and is used to calm the mind, body, and spirit. "Prana" means "breath," and "Yama" means "control" in Sanskrit. Pranayama yoga increases pranic energy, which is one of the most important aspects of life force and mental balance. Pranayama provides several advantages that contribute to the body's overall wellness.

Pranayama exercise also maintains and balances the body-mind-soul equation, resulting in a stress-free and peaceful state of mind. Setting objectives to control appropriate breathing aids in the internal adjustment process. When you practice the Pranayama exercise, all of your organs will begin to perform more actively and effectively. Pranayama can also help with mild respiratory disorders and lung-related diseases such as asthma and wheezing. Regular yoga and Pranayama practice can assist with hypertension, cardiac problems, digestive issues, anxiety, and depression, among other things. Pranayama exercise has a wide range of benefits for the human body's general health and well-being. Pranayama is a practice that has been used for thousands of years to help people achieve mental serenity.

Table of Contents

  1. How to do Pranayama Exercise effectively at home?
  2. Types of Pranayama Exercises
  3. Pranayama Benefits
  4. Pranayama Drawbacks
  5. Do’s and Don'ts of Pranayama
  6. Frequently Asked Questions
  7. The Bottom Line

Decathlon is on a mission to make sports available to as many people as possible in India. We are the largest sports retailer in the world. Decathlon was founded in 1976 in Lille, France, and now has 1535 outlets throughout the globe (60 in India since 2009). However, they aren't the only features that distinguish Decathlon. Decathlon's distinctive athletic culture (Decathlon wants everyone to be able to participate in sports), innovation (Decathlon files patents every year for cutting-edge items developed in its own R&D lab), and work culture are what set us apart (Decathlon offers growth and intrapreneurial opportunities to its employees).

How To Do Pranayama Exercise Effectively At Home?

There is no need for additional equipment to practice Pranayama at home; the only need is that the spine remains tall. As a result, it may be done efficiently and successfully at home daily. How can I practice Pranayama at home? Take a steady inhale through both nostrils, deepening the inhalation until it reaches the lungs' full capacity. Then, after holding the air for a second and restricting some of it in the back of the throat, exhale softly and gently through both nostrils like a whisper. You may relieve tension, calm the mind, and release anger by practising this at home daily.

Types of Pranayama Exercises

Natural Breathing

This is where one is conscious of their breathing. Pranayama is a breathing technique that focuses on the inhalation and exhalation of air. It assists us in analysing and comprehending our bodies' breathing patterns. No matter how much anxiety you feel, this Pranayama exercise may instantly calm your mind. It's also where meditation begins. Novices must begin at this point. If you are new to yoga and Pranayam, sit in a comfortable position away from distractions. It allows you to focus more and distract less.

Basic Abdominal Breathing

If you're looking for a simple way to practice Pranayama at home, belly breathing is the best option. Inhaling a larger amount of air that fills the lungs and puts pressure on the belly is known as abdominal breathing. Put one hand on your chest and the other on your stomach. Inhale via your diaphragm. As you continue to inhale, you will notice that your diaphragm moves downward. The abdominal organs are pushed below, causing the abdomen to rise. The diaphragm travels higher during exhalation, causing the abdomen to descend. This Pranayama exercise also helps to enlarge your chest and lung capacity.

Thoracic Breathing

Thoracic breathing is one of the greatest Pranayama for the lungs since it focuses on widening the rib cage while also increasing breath awareness. The diaphragm is not used in thoracic breathing Pranayama. Inhale deeply, concentrating just on your chest. Once the air is inhaled, notice how your chest expands. In the same way, exhale slowly and deeply to feel the chest constrict. This yoga Pranayama works the lungs' middle lobes while simultaneously stretching and contracting the ribcage. It can also be done while practising any type of physical Pranayama.

Clavicular Breathing – After thoracic breathing, the next level of Pranayama practice is clavicular breathing. After you've inhaled enough air to fill your chest, use your neck muscles, throat, and sternum to elevate your upper ribs and collar bones so you can breathe a bit more air. It enhances focus and strengthens the intercostal muscles, making it one of the greatest Pranayama for the lungs. This yoga Pranayama should be done after abdominal and intercostal breathing has been completed.

Yogic Breathing

One of the most effective strategies for achieving mental and physical equilibrium is yogic breathing. It also improves the body's and mind's coordination. It's also known as three-part breath since it works with the three portions of the body. Because the lungs are engaged in breathing, it is a natural function. Long, slow, and deep breaths in and out via the nose are practised while walking normally and at a moderate pace in active yogic breathing. Yogic breathing is a type of advanced Pranayama that improves the body's numerous organs. It improves blood circulation and activity in the organs.

Deep breathing with ratios

The ratio of the volume of air to be inhaled, kept, and expelled while breathing is known as a ratio. In yoga and Pranayama, there are many different sorts of ratios. The standard is a 1:2 ratio. It is preferable, to begin with, the easiest ratio and work your way up to the more challenging ones. One volume of air is breathed, and two volumes of air are expelled in a 1:2 ratio. It aids in emptying the lungs by removing all carbon dioxide, stale air, and waste materials. One count of air is breathed, four counts are used to hold your breath, and two counts are used to exhale. Different ratios exist, such as 1:2:1½, 2:2:4, 3:3:4, and so on. Regular practice is required to get these results.

Fast breathing

The neurological system is activated by the quick breathing Pranayama, which increases blood circulation in the body. It's a breathing technique that involves taking brief breaths at shorter intervals. The body gets energised as a result of this. It balances your emotions and clears your thoughts. This breathing also opens up the chest and concentrates on the upper body. It also has a beneficial influence on blood pressure levels. Pranayama with rapid breathing simply reduces high-frequency power while increasing low-frequency power.

Anulom-vilom Pranayama

This Pranayama, also known as Nadi Shodhana, helps to regulate blood pressure, purify the blood, lower the risk of heart disease, and enhance vision. Sit in Padmasana with your eyes closed. Close the right nostril with your right thumb. Slowly inhale via your left nostril, allowing as much air as possible to fill your lungs. Exhale while removing your thumb from your right nostril. Close your left nostril with your middle finger while exhaling and inhale through your right nose. Exhale after removing the thumb from the right nostril.

Bhramari Pranayama

The Bhramari, or black Indian bee, is the inspiration for this Pranayama. The sound of the exhale is similar to that of a bee buzzing! It is one of the greatest breathing exercises for stress relief since it relieves the mind of irritation, worry, wrath, and agitation. Place your index fingers on the temple and close your ears with your thumbs. With the other three fingers, close your eyes. Inhale slowly and deeply through your nose, holding for a few seconds. Exhale by generating a buzzing sound while keeping your lips closed.

Ujjayi Pranayama

This breathing method, also known as triumphant breath or ocean breath, produces a quiet hissing sound on inhalation. The sound vibrations that are a component of this Pranayama can help heal the thyroid and lessen snoring by sharpening your mind's attention. Begin by naturally breathing and exhaling. Bend your head down, obstructing the free passage of air, and inhale as deeply as you can while creating a throaty sound. Hold the position for 2–5 seconds. While exhaling, close your right nostril with your right thumb and breathe out through your left nostril.

Kapalbhathi Pranayama

This vigorous deep breathing practice, often known as the skull shining breathing method, is most of us's association with Baba Ramdev! This Pranayama improves the function of all abdominal organs, decreases belly fat, helps you lose weight quickly, and regulates your blood sugar levels. Passive inhalation and active exhalation are used in this breathing method. So inhale properly and firmly, taking in as much air as you can. During exhalation, try to move your abdominal muscles as near to your backbone as possible.

Bhastrika Pranayama

The vigorous breathing practice clears your lungs and produces noises similar to a flame blazing beneath a furnace. To strengthen your lungs, burn extra fat, increase physical and mental capacity, and cleanse your windpipe, practice this breathing method. Take a big breath in and expand your stomach by breathing as much air as you can. Exhale forcefully and attempt to bring your navel in toward your backbone.

Pranayama Benefits

Pranayama has a calming and restorative impact on the mind and body. The following is a comprehensive list of the Pranayama benefits:

1. Healthy Sleep

Many individuals underestimate the value of good sleep, which is a huge error. In children and teenagers, getting enough good sleep is essential for growth and development and brain health. It's also crucial for maintaining your physical well-being. Pranayama is a breathing technique that can help you sleep better. Bhramari Pranayama, one of the Pranayama techniques, serves to slow down the heart rate and to breathe within 5 minutes of practice, according to research. This is a good way to relax your body before going to bed. Another study found that it can enhance the quality of sleep in those who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea, a sleep condition. People with this illness have a habit of stopping and starting breathing while sleeping. This method also aids in reducing daytime tiredness and controlling snoring.

2. Daily Mindfulness

People seldom pay attention to their breathing because it occurs autonomously and spontaneously. However, the purpose of Pranayama is a yoga component that is to bring attention to the present moment. Mindfulness is the term for this mental experience. According to a recent study, persons who use this approach have substantially more developed mindfulness than those who do not.

3. Lowers Stress Levels

As previously said, stress has negative impacts on one's physique. According to a study, Pranayama is an effective stress-relieving technique. According to the study's authors, this impact is accomplished through the practice of Pranayama, which helps to relax the nervous system.

4. Improves Body Systems

Pranayama is a breathing method that is beneficial to your lungs as a breathing technique. Pranayama, according to recent research, can considerably enhance lung function. This method is very beneficial for patients who suffer from allergic bronchitis and asthma. It may also be beneficial for patients who are recovering from major respiratory diseases like TB or pneumonia. Pranayama is beneficial to the digestive tract as well. The diaphragm is activated by the belly breathing necessary for this method. This muscle is found beneath your lungs and above your internal organs. The movement of the diaphragm delivers a mild massage to your digestive organs as you practice Pranayama. This approach is also beneficial to your immune system.

5. Helps To Quit Smoking

It is common knowledge that smoking harms the body. It wreaks havoc on your blood circulation and heart health, raising your chances of a stroke or heart attack. This practice has a negative impact on the lungs, producing asthma, cough, lung cancer, and other health problems. Most smokers endure stained teeth, foul breath, a damaged or impaired sense of taste, accelerated skin ageing, cellulite, and weak bones. Nicotine is very addictive, and most individuals find it difficult to give up smoking. Short sessions of yogic breathing have been proven in research to lessen cigarette cravings and so aid in the fight against smoking. Another research found that yoga breathing techniques can assist in mitigating the consequences of quitting smoking and reducing the cravings that lead to varied smoking habits.

6. Normalizes The Mood And Maintains Balance

In this scenario, Pranayama can have an almost instantaneous impact. Try this breathing method if you need to increase your mood and energy or discover harmony by relaxing your nervous system. It can also help you get rid of sleeplessness and depression and increase your attention, among other things, if you do it daily.

Pranayama Drawbacks

When Pranayama has not performed appropriately, it can cause a variety of adverse effects, including:

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Feeling of vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Weird sensation
  • Lassitude
  • Suspicious thoughts
  • Uncomfort and apprehension
  • Easily excitable mind
  • Indigestion
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Depression
  • Asthma 
  • Dry mouth
  • Restlessness
  • Unbalanced mental health
  • Phobia
  • Excessive salivation
  • Perspiration
  • Blood pressure and blood sugar levels rise
  • Immunity begins to wane
  • Stress increases
  • Backache
  • Hazy vision
  • Body pain

Do’s & Dont’s Of Pranayama

The following are the dos and don'ts of the Pranayam exercise: 

  • Do not do yoga if you have a persistent medical problem, and always seek medical guidance.
  • Steps in Pranayama must be done once an individual has learned to manage their body through all of the asanas.
  • During the Pranayama session, simply breathe through your nose.
  • Please don't push the lungs over their breaking point since any stress will harm the sensitive respiratory organ.
  • Continue to breathe steadily and rhythmically, and avoid making noises while doing so.
  • It is not recommended to perform Pranayama steps just after a meal.
  • If a person has eaten, they should wait three hours before doing Pranayama.
  • Only hold your breath under the supervision of an expert, and beginners are advised not to hold their breath at the beginning.
  • Stop Pranayama and switch to normal breathing if you're uncomfortable or exhausted.
  • By performing Pranayama, you may relax for 10 minutes in the middle of Pranayama.
  • After Pranayama, do not engage in any vigorous activity.
  • Pranayama should never be done in haste.
  • It can only be done in a well-ventilated environment or outside.
  • It should not be done if the lungs are clogged.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Who can do Pranayama?

Pranayama, like yoga for seniors, yoga for relaxation, and yoga for sleep, may be done by people of all ages. It's a simple breathing method that's used in a variety of yogas, including Surya Namaskar. It is simple to learn for children since it is simple to grasp and does not require much practice time. Pranayama may be practiced by any child above the age of eight, and there is no upper age restriction for learning it.

2. Who should avoid Pranayama?

Pranayama is good for human health in a variety of ways, yet some populations should avoid it for their own safety. They are people who are suffering from heart failure or people who have trouble breathing and can't tolerate even light effort.

3. What are the things required to do Pranayam Exercise at Home & Gym?

If you want to learn how to do Pranayama at home, the basic items you'll need are a yoga mat, a ventilated room, a quiet environment, water, soothing music, and a towel.

The Bottom Line

Finally, as you can see, this breathing method is important for more than just yoga and meditation. It's also a potent weapon against a variety of health problems. You may not only relieve stress but also strengthen your body by doing Pranayama on a daily basis. Pranayama is also a good method to start the day and set the tone for a peaceful and harmonious day.

It might be the foundation of your healthy existence when combined with a good eating pattern, frequent workouts, adequate quantities of healthy sleep, and correct hydration. If you're new to yoga, meditation, or particular breathing methods, it's best to get advice from an expert before getting started.

Explore Decathlon
Related tags :