It's crucial to have a fundamental understanding of volleyball rules as well as the game's various terms and definitions, whether you're a beginner or a seasoned pro. Let's go over all the volleyball lingo and guidelines you should be familiar with to win. In this article, you'll learn about the different volleyball rules and regulations. So, keep reading. 



Being ignorant of the fundamental volleyball regulations can be annoying, whether you're a player, coach, or spectator. Volleyball may have caught your eye on the television. As you watch the game, the officials make a decision that you don't understand. Your kid making the high school volleyball team may have piqued your interest in volleyball. To support her squad, you want to comprehend the regulations as completely as possible. Perhaps you are a player who frequently loses patience when a referee makes a decision that you don't agree with. Perhaps you're a coach trying to give your team the best possible chance to win. Perhaps you play volleyball for fun and are searching for a competitive edge. It's a good idea to be familiar with the basic rules of volleyball whether you're a coach, athlete, parent, supporter, or simply a leisure player.

How To Play Volleyball?

Two teams of six players each compete in a volleyball match, which is divided by a net. Setter, middle blocker, outside hitter, opposite hitter, libero, and serving specialist are the six positions on a volleyball court.

To begin, toss a coin to see which team gets to serve the ball first.

Then, unless a mistake is made, the two sides will rally—or knock the ball back and forth over the net. Per side, there can be a maximum of three hits.

The goal is to score points by kicking the ball onto the opposing team's court after it has crossed the net.

Sets, usually three or five sets, make up a volleyball match.

Two sets are played to 25 points in three-set matches, and the third set is played to 15 points. Two points are required to win each set. The match is won by the first team to win two sets.

Four sets are played to 25 points in five-set matches, and the fifth set is played to 15 points. Except as provided by tournament rules, the team must triumph by a margin of two points. The winner is the first team to claim three victories.

What Are The Basic Volleyball Rules For Playing The Game?

  • Each team has six starters and six alternates. Players may be substituted at any moment, however, they may only be switched for the player who replaced them if they later return.
  • Before the ball must be returned, each team may hit the ball a maximum of three times. The defending team has a total of three attempts to block or return the ball by hitting it again.
  • Up to 25 points can be scored in a game, and a win must be two clear points.
  • The following will be considered violations:
  • When serving the ball, cross the baseline.
  • The ball tries to cross the net but is stopped by it (If the ball hits the net and still goes over the net then this is perfectly legal).
  • The ball cannot be carried, palmed, or run with by any player.
  • Any portion of a player's body that touches the net is forbidden. This is acceptable if they are claimed to have been hit by the net rather than the opposite.
  • The ball is unable to pass through the net.
  • Players are unable to hit the ball by reaching beyond the net.

What Are The Basic Volleyball Rules Violations?

A violation awards the opposition one point. Here are some basic rules of volleyball to avoid breaking.

  • Stepping on or over the service line as you make contact with the server during serving.
  • Failure to successfully serve the ball over the net.
  • Unauthorised ball contact (lifting, carrying, throwing, etc.).
  • Any part of the body touching the net while the ball is in play. With one exception, no foul will be signalled if the ball is rammed into the net with enough force to make the net make contact with an opponent player. The ball will then stay in play.
  • If both of the following occurs while stopping a ball coming from the other team's court while reaching above the net:
  • 3 contacts have not been used by your opponent.
  • To play the ball, they have a player nearby.
  • If the ball hasn't yet broken the vertical plane of the net when being attacked by the opponent's court, contacting it while reaching above the net is illegal.
  • Using any part of your body to cross the centre line of the court. With one exception, whether it is a hand or a foot, it must cross completely for it to be considered a violation.
  • Serving in the wrong order.
  • When a back row player blocks (deflects) a ball coming from their opponent, the back row player must be close to the net and have a portion of his or her body above the top of the net at the time of contact (an illegal block).
  • When a back-row player attacks a ball in the front zone (the area inside the 10-foot line), the ball must be completely above the net at the time of contact (an illegal attack).
Beach Volleyball

What Is The Object Of The Game?

In volleyball, the goal is to hit the ball over the net when it is running through the middle of the court and to try to make it bounce into your opponent's half. Before returning the ball, the other team must try to stop it from bouncing. The team with the most sets at the end of the game wins. Games are played in best of 3 or best of 5 sets.

The Players And Equipment

Six players from each team are always present on the floor. Throughout the entire game, substitutes are permitted. There aren't any reputable mixed-sex teams. Each player takes up a position in the defensive zone or the offensive zone (near the goal) (at the back of the court). Every point is followed by a clockwise rotation of three players in each zone.

The court is 18 m x 9 m in size and has a rectangular shape. A 2.43m high net spans the width of the court, and a ball with an 8-inch diameter and 9–10 ounce weight is placed inside.

A point would be awarded to the opposing team if the ball were to bounce in the out-of-bounds area that surrounds the court's perimeter.

Each team is allowed a maximum of two timeouts, each lasting 30 seconds. Regardless of how many timeouts have already been utilised, the number resets to two after every set.

Beach Volleyball Kit

What is Scoring?

The designated area in your opponent's half must be where the ball touches the ground to score a point. In addition, you can gain a point if your opponent misses the marked area inside your half or puts the ball in the goal. Either team can score a point after serving.

A player who serves must do so from below the baseline, and they may use an overhand or underhand motion, as well as a hand-only strike. As soon as the service is made, the server can join their team in the action and finish the point.

Before the ball must be returned, each team is given three opportunities to hit the ball. A player is not permitted to strike the ball twice straight. The ball is considered to be in play once it touches the boundary line. When the ball returns to their side of the court, the defensive team might jump and attempt to block it. A point is given if a block attempt is made and the ball rebounds into the opponent's half. A point is given to the opposing side if the ball bounces after the block.

Every game is 25 points, and the winning team needs to be two points ahead. If the score is 24-24, the game continues until one team has a two-point lead.


You must outscore your opponents to win the game. Typically, games consist of three or five sets, with the first team to complete the necessary number of sets winning. We hope that with this article you have got to know the rules of volleyball better and now you will move forward playing a fantastic game. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is it called when you hit the ball in volleyball?

When you hit a volleyball, it is called an attack. The person who hits the ball is an attacker or a hitter.

What are the 6 positions in volleyball?

  • Setter
  • Outside Hitter
  • Opposite Hitter
  • Middle Blocker
  • Libero
  • Defensive Specialist

What does C mean in volleyball?

The C set is a back-row set that sits behind the setter and is designed to give them some room to move when they are in the front row. This set is played at a high speed at higher levels. The extent of the left shoulder drop will be. depending on how you were hit.

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