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Knee problems can be common while playing. It carries our body's weight and is heavily used in sport. Read our guide to know more on how to prevent it.READ MORE
The knee is the biggest joint in the human body. It is what carries the body's weight and this is the reason why it can be easily weakened or damaged by different repeated movements linked to certain jobs or sports.
Essential to our mobility and stability, the knees are very heavily-used in sport. Because of this, they often suffer musculoskeletal pain that limits their mobility…
The knees are often mistreated by sports people or high level athletes. They are subjected to knocks and multiple contacts caused by many sports. In fact, a third of sports injuries involve the knees. Among the most common injuries are sprains, tendinitis, meniscal tears (cartilage), compression of the nerve that runs down the side of the calf (sciatic nerve)… However, it is iliotibial band syndrome, patellofemural pain syndrome and knee bursitis that are most often diagnosed in athletes.
ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME This syndrome is caused long-term by repeated knee flexes and extensions. It mainly affects long distance runners (4 to 7% of them are affected), hikers and cyclists. It is characterised by the repeated rubbing of two structures on the knee: the fibrous band on the outside of the thigh (iliotibial band) and the femur (thigh bone).
PATELLOFEMURAL PAIN SYNDROME It is thought that around a quarter of athletes suffer or have previously suffered from this illness. It features irritation in the knee cartilage between the femur and the kneecap. It appears when the joint is overused or when you do activities that require you to jump regularly (basketball, volleyball, dancing, aerobics…)
KNEE BURSITIS This is an inflammation or a thickening of one of the 11 synovial bursa that make up each knee (a sort of small liquid-filled pad that reduces rubbing between the knee's bones, tendons and muscles). This can originate from repeated falls on the knees (volleyball, wrestling, judo, running…).
It's clear that doing intensive sport can cause numerous knee problems that are often lengthy and difficult to heal and which get in the way of everyday life. Certain factors can increase the likelihood of these problems: being very overweight, having a bad gait or running technique, a bike that is unsuitable for the cyclist's size… There are several ways of preventing the appearance of knee problems:
Finally, if you suffer from knee problems and you want to do sport, choose swimming or cycling as they exert fewer impacts on your joints. Of course, ask your doctor's advice first.
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