Hockey is India's official national sport. It is the world's second-largest team sport, behind soccer. The game's origins may be traced back to the world's ancient civilisations, but field hockey as we know it today was invented in the British Isles. Several rules and ideas evolved during the early years of the game's growth across the British Empire. Our team of specialists will give you a complete analysis of the most recent modification to this game in this post. It has to do with the way through which teams all around the world are rated. But, before we get into the specifics of this Hockey ranking system, let us first learn a little about this fascinating sport.
Field hockey is a popular sport all around the world. Many schools also play the game, which provides players, umpires, and administrators with a lifetime of sports and social possibilities.
Field hockey is an eleven-a-side sport played on a 100-yard-by-60-yard pitch with a 23-centimetre circumference ball. Each player is given a rounded head stick with which to play the ball, and the purpose is to score goals by placing the ball into the other team's goal. Sticks range in length from 28 to 39 inches and weigh between 340 and 790 grams. Goalkeepers are protected with full-body armour, pads, gloves, kickers, and a helmet, while shin guards and mouth guards protect outfield players.
Field hockey rankings and regulations are incredibly similar to soccer rules, except that players must play the ball with their sticks rather than their feet. A team of eleven players consists of a goalie, defenders, midfielders, and strikers. The goalie is the only player on the pitch who can utilise both his feet and hands in addition to his stick. The primary rule difference between field hockey and soccer is that field hockey does not have an offside rule, allowing for a fast-paced, potentially high-scoring, and thrilling game.
Now that we have a better understanding of the game, we can go on to the primary topic of this essay, which is the latest alteration in the Hockey ranking system. We will be covering different aspects in this article like India hockey ranking, field hockey rankings, world hockey rankings 2020, women hockey ranking, FIH hockey rankings, Pakistan hockey ranking, and much more.
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Reasons Behind Changing The Hockey Ranking System
Pros of the old system
The current method has been in use since 2003 and was designed to place teams into pools during competitions.
The former approach had a high level of accuracy in ranking elite teams from various continents.
This method worked successfully for the top 20 nations, who earned ranking points by competing in all FIH and Continental level competitions 2-3 times each year.
Points were earned throughout a four-year period, resulting in positive ranking scoring for several years.
Cons of the old system
Each year, there are a limited number of possibilities to earn points (1 or less for lower-ranked nations).
To compute continental ranking points, a degree of subjectivity was required to establish the relative strengths of the five continents.
Over a four-year period, ranking points gradually worsened, and points were only obtained a few times per year, resulting in a sluggish ranking system to alter or reflect current performance levels.
Because nations who played international hockey but did not compete in FIH events did not receive a rating, the World Ranking table did not accurately reflect all nations that play international hockey.
There were no ranking points on 60 per cent or more of international matches.
The system was difficult to grasp.
Principles Of The New Hockey Ranking System
Increase the number of ranking points available to all National Associations.
A ranking system that is dynamic and more accurately represents current performance.
Wherever feasible, eliminate subjectivity and build a method that is fair to everybody without Continental weighting.
Playing international matches is encouraged.
Encourages participants to focus on the most high-profile events in order to get the most remarkable results.
Do not be swayed by the National Association's wealth or its proximity to other countries.
Every official international match result from the end of the Rio Olympic Games is used to create the model.
The system was in operation in the background for the entire year of 2019, using all official international match results from 2019.
The methodology has been fine-tuned since 2019, and the federation is sure that it is a fair mechanism that accurately represents current performance. So, on January 1, 2020, the hockey ranking system will be reset and rolled out.
The New Hockey Ranking System
The Elo rating system, which is used as the foundation for many other sports ranking systems, is utilized to create this new way of ranking hockey teams. When two countries compete against each other, a number of ranking points are exchanged. Every match has an identical match between the number of points earned by one team and the number of points lost by the other.
Teams will earn more points if they defeat teams rated higher than them and will lose more points if they lose to a team ranked below. Teams will earn fewer points if they beat teams ranked lower than them and will lose fewer points if they lose to a team rated higher. If the game ends in a tie, the lower-ranked team gains a few points while the higher-ranked club loses the same amount of points. The amount of points exchanged is determined by the match's outcome (win, lose, shootout victory/loss, or tie), the match's significance (part of a major tournament, for example, or a test series), and the relative difference in ranking points between the sides prior to the event.
New World Hockey Ranking System - a match based algorithm
P(after) = P(before) + R*W*I
P(after) = After the match, the number of World Ranking points
P(before) = Prior to the match, the number of World Ranking points
R = result (10 for a win, 5 for a shootout win, 1 for a draw)
W = Weighting (1 divided by 1000) (1 minus the difference in ranking points [winner – loser] or in the case of a tie [lower ranked – higher ranked] of the two teams
I = Importance (Each type of tournament and match is assigned a weighting based on the match's importance. Between continents, there is no difference in importance.)
Example of this calculation -
Team A has 500 pts pre-match
Team B has 1000 pts pre-match
If Team A win: Weighting = 1 - ((500-1000)/1000) = 1.5
If Team B win: Weighting = 1 - ((1000-500)/1000) = 0.5
In the case of a draw: Weighting = 1 - ((500-1000)/1000) = 1.5
Frequently Asked Questions
1. As per the new ranking system that has been adopted, what is the world hockey ranking 2020 in the men’s category?
New Zealand 1459
South Africa 1043
United States 559
Czech Republic 270
2. As per the new ranking system that has been adopted, what does the overall women’s hockey ranking look like?
New Zealand 1733
South Africa 983
Czech Republic 628
The Bottom Line
Each Nation's starting point for the new ranking system on January 1, 2020, is the number of points they had in the old system on that day. From January 1, 2020, ranking points will be traded for every sanctioned international match that appears on the FIH Hockey Ranking and for which international caps are given. Non-ranked training matches can still be performed between nations, but they will not appear on TMS, will not be given caps, and will not result in the exchange of ranking points. This new approach has been tested in the background throughout 2019 and has shown to be far more dynamic and quickly representative of the current form than the current World Ranking system.