Swimming has quickly developed into a popular activity practiced regularly either for sport or for fun in order to beat the heat. Either way, we thought it would be helpful for you to know the different swimming strokes and their dynamics.


The butterfly stroke gets hard on the muscles and can also make breathing difficult. The real problem lies in the coordination of movements in order to take a breath at the right time.

Air is taken in through the mouth at the end of the pull-push phase by lifting the head so as to look at the surface of the water. This process must be done quickly so that the head immediately returns to its original place in order to keep the stroke as balanced as possible. For better “hydrodynamics”, a breath is usually taken after every other stroke. However, exhaling is continuous through the nose and mouth once the head is in the water.



The back crawl is a stroke that requires a lot of effort from the legs to stay buoyant and horizontal. The lower limbs are the ones consuming maximum oxygen and that is why proper breathing is very important.

When on your back, your face is out in the open which makes it easier to access oxygen. The difficulty here is more a matter of respiratory rate rather than the availability of air. According to the frequency of movement, the breathing cycle will be either faster or slower. You must always fully exhale so that the next breath in through the mouth is more effective and provides the body with the maximum amount of oxygen.



The breaststroke is also known as the “frog stroke”!

The advantage of the breaststroke is that you breathe in with every movement allowing a regular intake of air which takes a while to get you out of breath.

You inhale through the mouth during the in sweep phase of the arms as they push against the water while the shoulders rise above the water as the legs prepare to push. Similar to the butterfly stroke, the head is raised in order to look ahead. The inhalation must be very brief. Exhalation, on the other hand, must be continuous throughout the underwater phase. Go make some waves!

Now that you’re familiar with the different types of strokes, get into the water and choose your style. :)

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